Ghana is known as a friendly land. Everywhere you go they show love “You are invited” the obvious hospitality. Who cooks or eats invites this sense its surroundings to share his wealth. Hospitality is a core value and that makes a visit to Ghana make you feel like home away from home, Ghanaians are rightly proud of their land. The official language of the country is English, but indigenous languages are spoken in abundance. For many Ghanaians is the official language is English. The average life expectancy is sixty years. Ghana has about 26 million inhabitants.
Ghana is West African country bordering on the Gulf of Guinea, Ghana is bounded by Côte d’Ivoire to the west, Burkina Faso to the north, Togo to the east, and the Atlantic Ocean to the south. It compares in size to Oregon, and its largest river is the Volta.
Kwame Nkrumah was the founder of Ghana.He was the head of the first west African nation to emerge from colonialism, dreams of leading the continent into a Marxist future. This requires a republic, which Ghana becomes in 1960 with Kwame Nkrumah as president for life. It also needs only one political party, the CPP. However Nkrumah’s authoritarian rule, combined with a collapse in the nation’s economy, prompts a coup when the president is away in China in 1966 (he goes into exile in Guinea). Ghana is one of the countries where the Dutch has left footprints in the past. Unfortunately not always in a positive sense. The history of the slave trade is still visible in Ghana. Along the coast areas are several forts. Making a visit to those forts are very impressive. Ghana got the independent from the British since 1957. And they still celebrate this freedom every year.
Ghana is rich in raw Materials and Natural Resources. But still thirty percent of the population lives below the poverty line. This means that some of them can not meet the basic needs such as cloths, clean drinking water, adequate housing and adequate food. Furthermore caused the felling deforestation and desertification. The mining of gold puts a heavy burden on the environment. Groundwater becomes polluted and fertile arable land to make way for digging gold mines. The small farmers are the victims of it.
The majority of Ghanaians are Christian. The belief in Ghana is very strong, for example most shops are painted in a religious way, like barber shops, car repairs, schools, everything has a name containing God or Jesus. In the Northern part of Ghana they are more Muslims. Religion does not cause turmoil in Ghana.